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them to a server in Sarajevo. The nine judges, three of whom live in other countries, can now communicate with each other, make decisions and post them without leaving their homelands. "Dispute resolution software developed as part of Project Bosnia can be adapted to the needs of the Constitutional Court to improve its information flow, thus speeding up its operation," said April

In order for Project Bosnia to succeed, team members must meet with Bosnian governmnent officials to coordinate technological logistics. Here, IV Ashton and the President Zovko of the Bosnian Constituional Court discuss the benefits of using the Internet to connect courts in Bosnia.
available to the rest of the world.
To begin implementation of these new initiatives, a Project Bosnia team returned to Central and Eastern Europe in 1996. They met with constitutional court justices from Russia, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to advise them about connecting their courts to the Web and about Internet policy in general. The team also agreed to adapt a database consisting
Major, Director of the Center for Information Law and Policy (CILP). "The justices can manage their docket much more easily via the Internet."
With Project Bosnia evolving daily, its reach is not stopping at the borders of the Federation. The project has spawned the Central and Eastern European Civic Institution Locator (CEECIL) and the Eastern and Central European Legal Network (ECEULnet). CEECIL and ECEULnet use the power of the Internet to connect constitutional courts, human rights institutions like the Ombudsmen, the press and other civic institutions in the region. Adapting CILP's Web-based software, the constitutional courts of Russia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Hungary, Poland, Bosnia and Macedonia can manage cases electronically, communicate with each other, draft opinions and make them immediately
of volumes of Russian laws for Internet access.
"Development of constitutional law is crucial to establishing a rule of law. Its formation works only if people know how cases have been decided in the past," said Dean Perritt. "The courts throughout the region face similar problems applying constitutional concepts because they come from civil law traditions where one-party rule dominated. They need to share their decisions with each other and the world and draw from the Common Law tradition of the West. That's what we are doing, helping these countries get their courts and other legal institutions up and connected using the Internet."
Moreover, notwithstanding its legal applications, the Internet can play an integral role in supporting a free and unfettered national press in both Bosnian entities. By tearing


Pre 7th Century AD—Bosnia region was part of the Roman Empire.

7th Century AD—Bosnian region settled by Slavs.

9th Century—The Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Serbia were established.

11th and 12th Centuries—Bosnia was governed by local nobles under the authority of the Kings of Hungary.

12th Century—Bosnia gained its independence, an independence that lasted for more than 260 years.

1463-Bosnia was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and became a part of the Otto
man Empire until 1878. Many Bosnians, who had been Christian, became Muslims during the reign of the Ottomans. Theirs was an inclusive form of Islam that allowed Bosnians to adapt old traditions to the new faith. For more than 400 years, Bosnia was a peaceful, multi-religious, multi-ethnic entity of the empire.

1878—The Great Powers of Europe gave Bosnia to Austria-Hungary to administer. Austria-Hungary turned Bosnia into a model state while the newly independent Serbia dreamed the nationalistic dream of a great South Slav state united under the leadership of Orthodox Serbia.

1914—Serb nationalist youth assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne in Sarajevo to ignite World War I.
1918-1941—Yugoslavia was created under the leadership of the Serbs and Croats, and Bosnian Muslims became a political football between the nationalist groups. Nationalist and extremist groups solidified during the period between the two world wars.

World War II—Ethnic cleansing began with Hitler's occupation of Yugoslavia during the war and nationalist aspirations continued to foment. The Yugoslav communist Josip Tito organized a multiethnic resistance group to drive out the Nazis. Because of their successful resistance and the support of the Allies, Tito emerged as the undisputed master of Yugoslavia.

1945-1990—Bosnia became one of the six constituent Yugoslav republics under Tito's

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