Operation Kosovo: KRISYS NET

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Trip Reports

June 15 - 19, 1999




Chicago-Kent College of Law is expanding its Internet-based refugee information system in Albania to assist refugee relief and war crimes documentation efforts in the neighboring country of Macedonia. This new project will create an on-line refugee information system housed on a server in the Soros Open Society Institute office in Skopje, Macedonia. It will also assist in the collection of war crimes evidence by developing secure electronic methods for gathering, transmitting and storing the information obtained from refugees. The project will consist of the following elements:

  1. War Crimes Documentation.
  2. At the request of a consortium of organizations collecting evidence of war crimes documentation through interviews with refugees, Chicago-Kent has developed encrypted versions of data collection forms. These forms will permit testimonial evidence collected from refugees to be transmitted securely to a central database. Chicago-Kent will test the forms on an implementation mission to Skopje in mid-June, and plans to explore additional applications of its system.

  3. Internet-Based Refugee Information System.
  • Refugee Assistance Organizations. The system will contain detailed information about all governmental and non-governmental organizations working to help the refugees, including contact information, the types of services provided, distribution information, and any necessary application procedures. This information may include procedures for registering with the Macedonian government as a refugee.
  • Macedonian Legal Information. The system will include links to the Macedonian Legal Resource Center, currently located at the Skopje Law Faculty, which contains a complete set of Macedonian laws in the Macedonian language, some of which have been translated into English. This will enable refugees and those working with them to obtain information about refugee rights under Macedonian law.
  • International Legal Information. The system will also contain information about the rights of refugees under international law, as well as relevant information about emigration to other countries, should the refugees choose to pursue that option.
  • Current Developments. The information system will contain links to information about the latest developments in Kosovo and Macedonia and the entire region, including updates and policy statements from NATO, the UN, refugee agencies such as UNHCR, and news organizations.



JUNE 15-19, 1999


Tuesday, June 15, 1999

  1. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Inter-Agency Briefing Meeting.
  2. Upon arrival at our hotel in Skopje, we learned that UNHCR was holding an inter-agency briefing and coordination meeting for governmental and non-governmental organizations that evening in our hotel. Our whole team attended this briefing, which included representatives of 25-30 organizations. A representative of UNHCR provided an overview of the current situation in Kosovo, stating that Pristina was tense and only appeared normal on the surface. He said that many Serbs were leaving the province, and that spontaneous repatriation of Albanian refugees to Kosovo was occurring in Macedonia. UNHCR representatives indicated that this repatriation was so far occurring mostly from refugees living with host families, rather than refugee camps. UNHCR is strongly discouraging refugees in camps from returning until the situation stabilizes and they can conduct education campaigns in mine awareness. The UNHCR representatives also discussed a problem involving Macedonian immigration policies, which are preventing Albania refugees from returning to Macedonia after traveling to Kosovo to evaluate their condition of their homes. He said the UNHCR was seeking to mediate a resolution of this problem. Finally, the UNHCR representative discussed a UNHCR plan to conduct ðArapid assessmentsð@ of the situation on the ground in the area of RuÑoviz, to assist in designing a general program of assistance in this area. The UNHCR briefing was followed by a NATO briefing, which summarized the deployment of KFOR troops to date and encourage NGOð=s not to travel to Kosovo except in official convoys.


  3. Meeting of Chicago-Kent Team.

Before and after the UNHCR briefing, our team (CSR, BB, RRC, and LL) met to review our goals for the week, design a strategy for achieving those goals, and assign tasks. We were joined by Goce Naumovski, the Skopje law student who agreed to assist during our visit. RRC provided a briefing on our encrypted KVM-3 Form, as well as the Macedonian version of our Kosovo Refugee Information System. We discussed the status of the computers, which were still being processed by customs officials at the Skopje airport. CSR advised that he had contacted AES Cargo, who agreed to handle the customs issues on our behalf at no charge.

Wednesday, June 16, 1999

  1. Krume Dolnenec, Soros Foundation Macedonia.
  2. Randy Clarke and Lynn Lee met with Krume Dolnenec, Internet Program Coordinator, of the OSI/SOROS. The purpose of the meeting was to finalize the agreement between OSI and Chicago-Kent for the housing of a Chicago-Kent server at OSI-Macedonia. After introductions, Krume Dolnenec expressed his concerns in regards to entire agreement.


    He inquired/interrogated Randy on the objectives of housing the server at OSI as opposed to other sites in Macedonia. Other details such as registration of sites, number of addresses, and passwords, were discussed and resolved. In addition to going over the conditions which would basically give Krume overall control of the server, we agreed to create a contract and grant letter to formalize the Next, we spoke about getting the server from Customs to the OSI office. Apparently, the process required a letter from OSI indicating that they are receiving the server as a grant from Chicago-Kent. Additionally, Customs required other documents pertaining to the value of the server. Krume reiterated that the procedure would be arduous. Since there was nothing we could do until the grant letter was completed, we agreed to meet with OSI again at a later time to complete the agreement and to allow Dean Rudnick and Professor Brown to meet with OSI.


  3. Renata Dubini, UNHCR Senior Protection Officer.
  4. CSR and BB first attempted to get an appointment with the UNHCR Deputy Director, who was engaged in a high level meeting at the time. After it became clear that his meeting was not going to end in the near the future, we were able to secure an appointment with Renata Dubini at a second UNHCR office across town. Renata was very interested in our project, and was aware of the ABA/CEELI war crimes documentation project. She explained that UNHCR was obviously concerned about the confidentially of those refugees providing evidence, and has a priority of insuring that the refugees be treated as ðAhumanð@ rather than just potential sources of evidence. They are worried about the psychological effects of refugees of being interviewed three or four times, which she said demonstrated the need for better coordination of the interview projects. UNHCR has drafted ðAguidelines of behaviorð@ for any organizations interviewing refugees. These guidelines contain common sense suggestions on how to interact with refugees during interviews. We later applied these guidelines during the interviews we conducted with refugees.

    We discussed at some point with Renata our desire to visit a refugee camp to test our encrypted data collection form through refugee interviews. She was very helpful in providing several options, the best of which was to join a convoy the next morning to the refugee camp at Cegrane. This camp is the largest in Macedonia, and is ðAopen,ð@ meaning that no special identification papers are required to enter. We agreed to be at UNHCR offices at 8:00 a.m. the following the morning with vehicles and translators. Renata also provided the names of other people we might contact to discuss our project, including: Sashid Malik, UNHCR Registration Officer (tel: 070-226-437), Francois Sovinat (who can reached through Mercedes Rose). Renatað=s assistance, Yuka who is in charge coordinating the convoy, and be reach at telephone 070-226-445.


  5. Brian LeDuc, ABA/CEELI-Skopje.
  6. After the meetings with Soros and UNHCR, we gathered at the ABA/CEELI office, where we met with Brian LeDuc, the outgoing CEELI Liaison, and discussed several of the legal-related meetings we were going to have during the week. He briefed us on the status of the Constitutional Court, advising that they are essentially an independent branch of government not considered part of the judiciary, and hence more receptive to working with outside institutions than some of the other courts. CEELI has previously donated a computer and printer to the Constitutional Court as part of a USIS grant which is supposed to include Internet access. The Court has been somewhat at odds with the Macedonian Judges Association, which was the formal recipient of the grant and did not want to provide the Constitutional Court with its computer because it is not a member of the MJA. This problem has been resolved, however, and the Court now has its computer and should soon receive its Internet access line. Brian suggested that we might help the Court design a Web-based constitutional law research site, containing links to sources of constitutional law from around the world. He has done some preliminary research and has an initial list of possible sites to include. He also thought the court could use assistance in other aspects of its computerization program, including networking the computers currently at the Court. We also discussed with Brian our upcoming meeting with the dean of the law faculty and Professor Ivanov, the former head of the Macedonia Legal Resource Center.


  7. Yugoslav Melenkoviƒ, Information Officer for Macedonia Constitutional Court.

Melenkoviƒ started with a background briefing on the role of the Constitutional Court in Macedonia and his job at the court. He explained that the main responsibility of the Constitutional Court, which was created in 1991, is the protection of human rights pursuant to the Macedonian constitution. Decisions of the Constitutional Court are final and can not be revoked. His role at the Court is to communicate the Constitutional Courtð=s decisions to the public, and to introduce computerized information systems to the Court.

The court currently has ten computers for its thirty employees. Seven of these computers are on loan from the Ministry of Science, two are owned by the Constitutional Court, and one was donated through the CEELI/MJA grant. The Court also has three printers. The court has developed a computerized information system blueprint, which contains seven steps. So far, the Court has completed the first two steps, which involve (1) collecting and placing on a database all Constitutional Court decisions since 1991 and (2) creating an electronic version of the Constitutional Court rules of procedures. The remaining elements of the Courtð=s plan involve installing an electronic versions of all statues, an electronic accounting system for the court, court correspondence, and internal materials.

After discussing the Courtð=s plan and other issues at some length we agreed on the following plan for future cooperation between Chicago-Kent and the court:

    1. We will assist the Court in designing a Web-based research page with links to sources of constitutional law around the world;
    2. We will prepare a draft proposal for an externship program which would send Chicago-Kent students to the Court for short periods of time, to work on technology issues and become involved with the legal issues being handled by the court;
    3. We agreed to consider the possibility of sending over a Chicago-Kent expert to consult with the Court in developing a detailed computerization plan, with travel expenses possibly being paid by CEELI. Brian thought it likely that CEELI could cover such travel expenses; and
    4. We agreed to consider possibilities for helping the Court obtain addition computer equipment, but made no commitments in this regard.


  1. Professor Ivanov, Former Head of Macedonia Legal Resource Center at Skopje Law Faculty.
  2. We met with Professor Ivanov at the CEELI office to discuss the current state of affairs at the MLRC at his plans for the future. Ivanov advised that the MLRC was seeking to continue its operations independently of the law faculty, and had created a new Web site, located at mlrc.org.mk. This site is currently housed on a sever in Professor Ivanovð=s office, but they are seeking a more permanent solution. Professor Ivanov explain that the current dean is part of the conservative ðAold school.ð@ The dean is very hostile to innovation in general and the MLRC in particular. Law Faculty policy limits the number of terms a dean can serve, and the current deanð=s term expires in June 2000. Ivanov is hopeful that the next dean will come from a newer generation of the law faculty and that he or she will permit the MLRC to return to the computer center at the law faculty. We discussed the possibility that MLRC could house its site on the server we are installing at the Soros office in Skopje, to which Professor Ivanov responded very favorably. We discussed various other options and explained some of the limitations this would involve. In the end, we all agreed to move forward with this plan as soon as the server was installed and the MLRC can make all necessary arrangements with Soros.

    6. Niccolá Recent graduate of Skopje Law Faculty.

    ABA/CEELI arranged a meeting with Niccolá, who has recently graduated from the law faculty and who many describe as one of the top students there. He is very interested in attending our LL.M. program next year and wanted to discuss his background and the application process. He is very personable and involved in a number of different organizations. He speaks English very well. We encouraged him to submit an application as soon as possible, so we can open a file for him and begin the process of exploring funding sources. He agreed to do this within the next few weeks.


  3. Igor, Macedonian Constitutional Court.

We met briefly at the CEELI office on Wednesday evening with Igor, the Counsel for the Macedonian Constitutional Court, who speaks English fluently. We described to him our meeting earlier in the day with Yugoslav Melenkoviƒ, about which he seemed somewhat lukewarm. He suggested that we draft a letter to the President of the court, proposing formally that we cooperate with them on the computerization and externship projects. Afterward CSR spoke informally with Igor on the balcony, and he warmed up considerable, explaining that he was only trying to provide us with frank advice about the best approach for dealing with the Court. We agreed to be in touch soon.


Thursday, June 17, 1999

  1. Cegrane Refugee Camp.

On Thursday morning, we traveled in a UNHCR convoy to Cegrane Refugee Camp, located at Cegrane, Macedonia. We were escorted by Leonard Zulu, UNHCR Protection Officer. Once at the camp, Leonard took us on a tour of the facilities, including a ride to the hill overlooking the camp. He explained that the camp is the largest in Macedonia, housing 42,000 refugees (in contrast to the neighboring town of Cegrane, which has approximately 14,000 inhabitants). The camp is divide into fifteen sections, each of which has a UNHCR-designated ðAleaderð@. While the human tragedy exemplified by the camp was moving, the physical conditions were somewhat better than we expected. The Albanians in the camp had managed to construct a semblance of organized society, including small shops and cafés constructed out of weatherproof UNHCR plastic and USAID-issued tents. While the ground was muddy, the tents themselves were fairly neat and clean. The camp also included several baths and shower houses, as well as a playground and bumper game area for children. While the situation was calm, Leonard advised that many of the refugees were anxious to go home, but first wanted to know more information about the situation in Kosovo. In fact, several of the refugees inquired whether it was safe for them to return, a question which we deferred to UNHCR. UNHCR is in a process of distributing pamphlets about the process of returning, including detailed information on mine awareness. UNHCR is very concerned that large numbers of refugees will seek to return without adequate information about local conditions or land mines, thus leading to turmoil and injuries.

After our tour, our translator Halil helped us identify two refugeeð=s willing to be interviewed as a test of our encrypted war criminals documentation form. We began interviewing one man outside the empty tent of the OSCE mission, but a large crowd quickly gathered around us and BB suggested that-consistence with the UNHCR guidelines regarding privacy-we find a more suitable location for the interview. The first refugees invited us into his tent, were we sat with him and his family and spoke for approximately twenty minutes. With RRC typing and CSR asking the questions through Halil, we entered information into the form about this refugeeð=s flight from Kosovo, witness to atrocities, and plans for the future. It was very powerful experience, and we endeavored to be sensitive at all times to the manð=s feelings and current situation. At the conclusion of the interview we expressed our gratitude and provided the refugee with a souvenir from Chicago-Kent, a baseball cap with the school name on it. We then repeated this process in the tent of the second refugee, where the refugee was accompanied by a friend from Pristina who had taken the refugee and his family into his home after they had fled their village.

These families were very warm and thanked us for our interest in their situation. Many photographs was taken both by us and the refugees (in fact, we were advised upon arriving at the camp by UNHCR that refugees enjoyed having their photographs taken, something which became immediately apparent once the refugees approached and ask if they could take their picture with us! Whenever we stopped, we were quickly surrounded by refugees, curious to find out our purpose in the camp, and always willing to have their pictures taken). After nearly two hours we headed back to Skopje to be back in time for a scheduled meeting with dean of the law faculty.


  1. Dr. Miodrag Micajkov, Dean of Skopje Law Faculty.
  2. We met with the dean of the law faculty in order to discuss potential contacts and collaboration between our two schools. During the beginning of the meeting, which lasted for a considerable amount of time, the dean seem to be living up to his reputation as a difficult man not overly interested in reaching out to Western institutions. He did, however, at least to pay lip service to the fact that Macedonia needed to strengthen its ties to Western universities during this critical time of transition. BB provide an overview of our school and its programs, and CSR provided and overview of our connections and projects in the Balkan region. Brian LeDuc of CEELI raised the possibility that our two schools could apply for USIS funds through a college and university affiliation program, a subject which we then discussed in some detail. Two possible substantive areas for such cooperation suggested by Brian were (1) solving legal problems through technology, and (2) a seminar in conjunction with European Law Students Association (ELSA) focusing on European integration. CSR outlined several of the technical requirements for submitting a grant proposal through USIS program, including the need to find a program administrator; the need to identify all the partners to the proposal and the resources they will provide; a detailed timetable of activities under the proposal; and the need to produce a detailed list of the participants from each institutions. By the end of the meeting, the dean had warmed up considerably, and was toasting us with brandy. We agreed to engage in a dialogue to settle on the substantive focus of our potential grant proposal, and after the meeting we decided the best approach would be for us to draft as soon as possible a proposal for the dean consideration. We were joined at the meeting by the former student Niccola, who is head of ELSA.


  3. Mr. Philip Reeker, Public Affairs Officer/Skopje.
  4. We were scheduled to meet with U.S. Ambassador Christopher Hill, but due to the chaos

    created by President Clintonð=s decision to visit Macedonia on Tuesday, the Ambassador was unavailable. We met instead with Philip Reeker, the outgoing Mission Chief for USIS in Skopje. Although Reeker was inundated with the responsibilities associated with the Presidentð=s visit, he very graciously met with us for about half-an-hour. He indicated that he was aware of our schoolð=s activities in the region, and we briefed him on our current trip. He was most interested in possibilities that we could establish a relationship with the law faculty. Reeker indicated that the university in general was a bastion of conservatism, and any effort to open it to outside influence would be welcome. We informed him of our discussion with the dean about a possible joint proposal for USIS funding under the college and university partnership program. Reeker stated that, although Macedonia is listed as one the eligible countries under the program, no seed money had specific allocated to Macedonia as of this date. He advised that the most effective way to pursue this opportunity would be for us to contact the USIS desk officer for Macedonia in Washington, whose contact information he gave us [Julianne Paunescu at (202) 619-5945], and urge her to allocate money for the college and university partnership program in Macedonia. He also advised that we could follow up with his successor in Skopje, through CEELI. On the way out, CSR ran into Raz Bazala, former PAO in Sarajevo, who is now based in Skopje and shuttles between there and Bosnia. Raz may be a useful contact in the future.


  5. Judge Tumanovsky, Macedonian Supreme Court.
  6. CSR had met Judge Tumanovsky at the CEELI Rule of Law Conference in Washington in May, and Tumanovsky asked to meet with us when he heard of our arrival. Tumanovsky is the leading candidate to become the next President of the Supreme Court of Macedonia, and is heading a commission that is drafting a proposed plan for computerization of the entire judicial system of Macedonia. He indicated in a meeting with LL and CSR that he would like Chicago-Kent to provide his commission with some technical advice regarding their draft plan. We agreed to have our whole team meet with Tumanovsky and the experts drafting his plan on Friday morning, to discuss the issue in more detail.

  7. Judith Armatta, CEELI War Crimes Documentation Project.

Bart Brown and Randy Clarke met with Judith Armatta and Jim Hodes to discuss our involvement with the ABA / CEELI war crimes documentation project. I told them about the version of the form I had developed that uses PGP encryption. This form did not fit their needs exactly because they do not collect data using laptops in the field. However, she was very interested in encryption and how she could use it to protect her data so I gave a brief demonstration. I told them that I would deliver an encryption program and documentation the next day.

Judith described their interviewing process, and how it was made difficult by having a paper form that does not correspond with the electronic database. We agreed that the fact that people were using the KVM - 3 form was an accomplishment, and that even if it was somewhat clumsy, it was worth continuing to use rather than convincing organizations to adopt another form. I offered to create a paper document that more closely matches the electronic for.

Another problem that Judith and her project faces is a backlog of transcripts of interviews that need to be entered into the computer. I offered two kinds of help. First, I told her that if she got to a point in her backlog that it made sense to ship the forms to me, I would find the resources to get them entered into that database. Second, I offered that it may be possible to find a law student willing to help them with data entry in Macedonia, with the understanding that they would not be paid, and they would bring their own computer. Later that evening I discussed the possibility of such a person finding a place to stay with Brian LeDuc, he did not think it would be difficult to find a relatively inexpensive place to stay for a few weeks.

I downloaded PGP from a website in Norway and had someone that Brian works with transfer the file onto a CD to give to Judith.


Friday June 18, 1999

  1. Supreme Court Computerization Commission.
  2. We met with Judge Tumanovsky, Mr. Hadzimanov, and two others who are working on a report making recommendations for computerization of the Macedonian judiciary. The Macedonian judiciary consists of twenty-seven trial courts, three appellate courts, and one Supreme Court. Although five trial courts have installed some basic computer hardware, there are networked to each other. The commission is now planning to complete a global evaluation of the judiciaryð=s computer needs, including hardware, software, communication systems, etc. Their initial idea is to establish a computer center located in the Supreme Court, where the system would be maintained. The furthest distance of any court from the Supreme Court building is approximately one hundred miles. The court hopes to complete its draft plan by the end of June. After the plan is completed, CEELI will conduct an assessment of it in the same matter it conducts the assessments of draft laws, by circulating the experts for comments.

    The commission requested our advice in trying to decide how best to structure their judicial information system. Specifically, they would like our advice on which type of server would be most ideal for this role; whether they should use one server or put separate servers in each appellate court; and the most effective method for networking the courts to each other and to the Internet.

    The Supreme Court of Macedonia is looking for help in development of a plan to computerize the judiciary system in Macedonia. The asked us to help them develop a plan, and to evaluate the plan and determine whether it will meet their needs.

    Dimensions of the proposed project:

    The maximum distance of any court from Skopje is 160 Km. The Supreme Court Computer networking department categorizies the different courts in Macdonia by computer use as follows:

    Small: less than 20 PCs 10 or fewer Judges 10 Trial Courts

    Medium Small: 50 to 60 PCs 11-20 Judges 10 Trial Courts

    Medium Large: 100 – 120 PCs

    Large: 200 to 250 PCs 60-80 Judges 2 Trial Courts

    25 Justices Supreme court

    60% of the total caseload falls under the jurisdiction of the Skopje Appellate Court.

    Training program:

    Lack of technical background and a fear of computerization are major challenges complicating acceptance of a computerization plan. A training program run in conjunction with a pilot project demonstrating the network will demonstrate the benefits of computerization. This training program can be modeled after the program used by courts using the AS 400 system in which employees from other courts rotate in to the computerized courts to learn to use the electronic research application. Employees who have used the electronic research application generally either become dependant on it or at least liked using it.


    The court plans to implement computerization in a three-stage process:

    Stage 1 - Create a network connecting Supreme, Appellate, and trial courts in Skopje.

    This will require installing computers and several servers for each court, setting up networks within each location, and connecting the networks. The connection between the networks can be with direct ISDN lines, or through the Internet with each location leasing a connection to the Internet. Alternatively, the central data location could lease a permanent connection to the Internet, and the other locations could establish dialup connections so that they are able to access the central data only when necessary.

    Stage 2 – Replicating the Skopje network in the other provinces.

    This stage involves installing computers and servers and creating networks within institutions in the other two provinces in Macedonia. Connection, either permanent or dialup should be established between the trial and appellate courts in these provinces.

    Stage 3 – Interconnection of the networks.

    This stage involves establishing connections between all Macedonian judicical institutions. These connections can be made either directly for institutions located close together, or via the Internet.

    Chicago-Kent follow up:

    We offered to produce an estimate of what network design and equipment will be necessary to computerize the Macedonian Judicial system. We offered to evaluate the plan that the courts adopt when that occurs.

  3. Association of Judges CLE Training Center.
  4. Following our meeting with the Supreme Court, we stopped briefly at the new Soros- funded Continuing Legal Education Center of the Macedonian Judges Association. The center has just recently opened and is directed by Tanja Temelkosku-Milenkoviƒ, former Staff Attorney for the CEELI office in Skopje. Tanja gave us a brief overview of the training center and indicated that they would welcome any assistance from Chicago-Kent in developing a Web site or other technology projects. Due to lack of time, we did not have the opportunity to pursue this request in any detail but indicated to Tanja that we would be happy to discuss this with her further via e-mail or during our next trip.

  5. Krume Dolnenec, Internet Coordinator for Soros Macedonia.

We met again with Krume, together with the Soros Public Information Officer and another Soros employee, to have continue discussions about the installation of our server. Krume stated that, if the server had not cleared customs before our departure, he would follow up and make sure that it was delivered and installed in the Soros office. He indicated that Soros has been waiting for five days already for some of their laptop computers to clear Macedonian customs.

The public information officer briefed us on a new project by Soros to create a Web-based ðAbulletin boardð@ related to refugees. Soros is supporting four indigenous NGOð=s in Macedonia who are collecting various types of information from refugee camps, and placing it on the bulletin board, which would be located at www.refugees.org.mk. We suggested that this project would complement our refugee information system nicely, and proposed placing a prominent link from our Web-site to the Soros Web-site, to which they agreed.

RRC complete our draft Memorandum of Understanding regarding placement of the server in the Soros office, which we reviewed, edited and presented to Krume for his consideration. Krume indicated that he would review this with his bosses, and correspond with us via e-mail about any proposed changes. He was very positive about our relationship, and stated repeatedly that we would have no problem reaching agreement on management of the server. He assured RRC that we will have complete control over the content of the server, a point which we included in the draft memorandum.


JUNE 15-19, 1999



  • Finalize the contract/grant letter outlining the agreement.
  • Get the server attached to the system.
  • Get the Macedonia site operating on the server
  • Get the MLRC site up and running on the server
  • Register the site name with RIPE


  • Draft a letter to the President of the court to formally propose the following:
  1. We will assist the Court in designing a Web-based research page with links to sources of constitutional law around the world;
  2. We will prepare a draft proposal for an externship program which would send Chicago-Kent students to the Court for short periods of time, to work on technology issues and become involved with the legal issues being handled by the court;
  3. We agreed to consider the possibility of sending over a Chicago-Kent expert to consult with the Court in developing a detailed computerization plan, with travel expenses possibly being paid by CEELI. Brian thought it likely that CEELI could cover such travel expenses.
  4. We agreed to consider possibilities for helping the Court obtain addition computer equipment, but made no commitments in this regard.
  • Create a web page with links to Internet sources useful for constitutional research.


  • Deliver a paper form that tracks the KVM-3 database for data entry.
  • Follow with implementation of encryption.
  • Locate a student willing to go to Macedonia with a computer this summer.


  • Arrange an exchange program in an effort to share our legal knowledge and experience to the members of the university.

Draft and submit a grant proposal through USIS program identifying:

  1. A program administrator
  2. All the partners to the proposal and the resources they will provide
  3. The subject matter that the exchange program will focus on.
  4. A detailed timetable of activities under the proposal; and
  5. A detailed list of the participants from each institutions.
  • Assist in a seminar in conjunction with European Law Students Association (ELSA) focusing on European integration. (Brian Leduc’s suggestion)


  • Contact USIS Desk Officer for Macedonia in Washington DC to determine if Macedonia is eligible to receive seed money from the college and university partnership program.
  • Follow-up with Reiker's successor, Douglas Davidson.



  • Create a draft plan of the Macedonian judiciary network.
  • Assist with the creation of the supreme court's plan.
  • Evaluate the supreme court's plan when it is created.


JUNE 15-19, 1999



Mr. Brian LeDuc


Vasil Stefanovski 23

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 389 91 128-357



fax: 389 91 126-088

email: ceelimk@nic.mpt.com.mk



Vasil Stefanovski 23

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 389 91 128-357



fax: 389 91 126-088

email: ceelimk@nic.mpt.com.mk



Ms. Judith Armatta, J.D.

Attorney Liaison

War Crimes Documentation Project

Nikola Vapcarov 8/2/2

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel/fax: 389 91 130 360

Slobode 10

81000 Podgorica

Montenegro, FR Yugoslavia

Tel/fax: 389 81 224-830, 224-694

Mobile: 389 69 070-947

e-mail: ceelidoc@mpt.com.mk


Joel Niccola/Stone

Tel: 070 206-138 Tel: 070 242-909 (Mobile)

Office: 389 91 120-169


Mr. Lazhar Aloui

Country Director in Macedonia

Tel: 389 91 134-225, 378-710

Office tel: 389 91 379-591

e-mail: arccd@mol.com.mk



Ms. Tatijana Temelkoska-Milenkovic

Executive Director

Court Palace

Blvd. Krste Misirkov bb

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 389 91 109-943

fax: 389 91 136-416

e-mail: ccemja@freemail.org.mk



Mr. Jugoslav Milenkovic


12 Udarna brigada 2

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 091 119-355, 113-266

fax: 091 119-355

private: Bul. Jane Sandanski

69-1/23, 091 418-909


Counsel for the Macedonia Constitutional Court

12 Udarna brigada 2

91000 Skopje, Macedonia


Mr. Bob Reed

Commander of Operation-Macedonia

Hague, Amsterdam

Tel: 31 70 416-5385

Mr. Clint Williamson

Legal Advisor

Skopje, Macedonia

Tel: 389 91 384 461


Mr. Krume Dolnenec

Internet Program Coordinator

Ruzveltova 34

P.O. Box 378

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 389 91 134-568 ext. 112

fax: 389 91 136-514

e-mail: kdolnene@soros.org.mk


Mr. Bardhyl Jashari

Public Affairs Assistant

Ruzveltova 34

P.O. Box 378

91000 Skopje, Macedonia

tel: 389 91 134-568 ext. 114

fax: 389 91 136-514

e-mail: bjasari@soros.org.mk




Dr. Miodrag Micajkov


91000 Skopje Bul. Krste Misirkov

ul.Kozara 42/2-16 tel.faks: 091 227-549

tel: 091 111-290 tel: 091 226-023

centrala: 091 117-244

Professor Jorge Ivanov

Former Head of Macedonia Legal Resource Center (MLRC)

91000 Skopje

ul.Kozara 42/2-16

Tel: 389 91 109-796

Professor Davit Kovski

Vice Dean & Head of International "Cooperation"

91000 Skopje

ul.Kozara 42/2-16

Professor Gelevski

New Head of Macedonia Legal Resource Center (MLRC)

91000 Skopje

ul.Kozara 42/2-16

Mr. Goce Naumovski

Student/Trip Assistant/Translator

Tel: 389 162 060 (home)

e-mail: gocen@pf.ukim.edu.mk


Recent Graduate of Skopje Law Faculty

Member of European Law Students Association



Judge Dragan Tumanovski

Candidate for President of Macedonia Supreme Court

Head of the Supreme Court Computerization Commission

Krste Misirkov bb

Skopje, Macedonia

Tel: 389 91 136-44, 237-538

Mr. Hadzimanov

Supreme Court Computerization Commission

Krste Misirkov bb

Skopje, Macedonia




Tel: 070 228-854



Zoran & Igor Cvetanovski

Tel: 091 365-880

Mob: 070 217-827


Ms. Renata Dubini

UNHCR Senior Protection Officer

Assistant to Ms. Dubini

Tel: 070 226 445

Sashid Malik

UNHCR Registration Officer

Tel: 070 225 437


Mr. Phillip Reeker

Outgoing Mission Chief for USIS in Skopje

Tel: 389 116-180, 116-623

Douglas Davidson

Incoming Mission Chief

Tel: 389 116-180




ROLTT Project: Institutions | Sponsors | Internal | Contact Info

The Rule of Law Through Technology Initiative
is an Interprofessional Project (IPRO) of

Chicago-Kent College of Law,
Illinois Institute of Technology